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El Cajon (pronounced /ɛlkəˈhoʊn/; Spanish: [elkaˈxon]) is a city in San Diego County, California. The population was 94,869 at the 2000 census. Nestled in a valley surrounded by mountains, the city has acquired the nickname of "The Big Box". Its name originated similarly, from the Spanish phrase "el cajón", which means "the big box" or "the drawer".
El Cajon is located at  According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 37.7 km² (14.6 mi²), all land. It is bordered by San Diego and La Mesa on the west, Spring Valley on the south, Santee on the north, and unincorporated San Diego County on the east. It includes the neighborhoods of Fletcher Hills and Bostonia.(32.798300, -116.960055).
Under the Koppen climate classification system, El Cajon straddles areas of Mediterranean climate (CSa) and Semi-arid climate (BSh). As a result, its often described as "arid Mediterranean" and "Semi-arid Steppe". Like most of inland areas in Southern California, the climate varies dramatically within a short distance, known as microclimate. El Cajon's climate has greater extremes compared to coastal San Diego. The farther east from the coast, the more arid the climate gets, until one reaches the mountains, where precipitation increases due to orographic uplift.
El Cajon's climate is warm during summer with mean temperatures averaging 70.1 °F (21.2 °C) or higher and cool during winter with mean temperatures averaging 55.4 °F (13.0 °C) or higher.
The warmest month of the year is August with an average maximum temperature of 88.1 °F (31.2 °C), while the coldest month of the year is December with an average minimum temperature of 40.3 °F (4.6 °C).
Temperature variations between night and day tend to be moderate with an average difference of 24 °F (−4 °C) during the summer, and an average difference of 26 °F (−3 °C) during the winter.
The annual average precipitation at El Cajon is 11.96 inches (30.4 cm). Rainfall in is fairly evenly distributed throughout the year. The wettest month of the year is March with an average rainfall of 2.66 inches (6.8 cm).
The record high temperature was 113 °F (45 °C) on June 14, 1917; September 1, 1955; and July 22, 2006. The record low temperature was 19 °F (−7 °C) on January 8, 1913. The wettest year was 1941 with 28.14 inches (71.5 cm) and the dryest year was 1989 with 1.51 inches (3.8 cm). The most rainfall in one month was 11.43 inches (29.0 cm) in January 1993. The most rainfall in 24 hours was 5.60 inches (14.2 cm) on January 27, 1916. A rare snowfall in November 1992 totaled 0.3 inches (0.76 cm)..3 inches of snow covered the ground in January 1882.
As of the census of 2000, there were 94,869 people, 34,199 households, and 23,152 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,514.0/km² (6,510.6/mi²). There were 35,190 housing units at an average density of 932.5/km² (2,415.0/mi²). The racial makeup of the city was 74.00% White, 5.37% African American, 0.99% Native American, 2.79% Asian, 0.37% Pacific Islander, 10.49% from other races, and 5.99% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 22.47% of the population.
There were 34,199 households out of which 37.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.0% were married couples living together, 16.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.3% were non-families. 24.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.70 and the average family size was 3.21.
In the city the population was spread out with 27.9% under the age of 18, 11.2% from 18 to 24, 31.3% from 25 to 44, 18.3% from 45 to 64, and 11.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females there were 95.2 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.4 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $35,566, and the median income for a family was $40,045. Males had a median income of $32,498 versus $25,320 for females. The per capita income for the city was $16,698. About 13.5% of families and 16.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 23.1% of those under age 18 and 9.0% of those age 65 or over.
According to estimates by the San Diego Association of Governments, the median household income of El Cajon in 2005 was $47,885 (not adjusted for inflation). When adjusted for inflation (1999 dollars; comparable to Census data above), the median household income was $38,884.
In the state legislature, El Cajon is located in the 36th Senate District, represented by Republican Dennis Hollingsworth, and in the 77th Assembly District, represented by Republican Joel Anderson. Federally, El Cajon is located in California's 52nd congressional district, which has a Cook PVI of R +9 and is represented by Republican Duncan D. Hunter.
Carlsbad | Chula Vista | Coronado | Del Mar | El Cajon | Encinitas | Escondido | Imperial Beach | La Mesa | Lemon Grove | National City | Oceanside | Poway | San Diego | San Marcos | Santee | Solana Beach | Vista
Alpine | Bonita | Bonsall | Borrego Springs | Bostonia | Camp Pendleton North | Camp Pendleton South | Casa de Oro-Mount Helix | Crest | Fairbanks Ranch | Fallbrook | Granite Hills | Harbison Canyon | Hidden Meadows | Jamul | Julian | La Presa | Lake San Marcos | Lakeside | Pine Valley | Rainbow | Ramona | Rancho San Diego | Rancho Santa Fe | San Diego Country Estates | Spring Valley | Valley Center | Winter Gardens
4S Ranch | Banner | Boulevard | Campo | De Luz | De Luz Heights | Descanso | Dulzura | Guatay | Hellhole Palms | Jacumba | Jesmond Dene | Lincoln Acres | Mount Laguna | Ocotillo Wells | Olivenhain | Pala | Pauma Valley | Potrero | Ranchita | San Luis Rey | Santa Ysabel | Tecate | Warner Springs
- Avondale Elementary
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- Maryland Avenue Elementary
- Loma Elementary
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- Kempton Street Elementary
- Sweetwater Springs Elementary
- Spring Valley Middle
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- Rolando Elementary
- Rancho Elementary
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- Northmont Elementary
- Murray Manor Elementary
- Murdock Elementary
- La Mesa-Spring Valley Community Day
- Highlands Elementary